Model of arm vessels
Find axillary artery and vein --- brachial artery and vein --- basilic
vein --- cephalic vein --- radial artery and vein --- ulnar
artery and vein --- median cubital vein.
Model of liver
Find hepatic portal vein --- hepatic artery --- inferior vena cava ---
hepatic veins --- round ligament --- ligamentum venosum
(only seen in small liver model!)
||c. Whole and half head models
Use both models (not everything is found on any one model) Find
superior sagittal sinus --- transverse sinus --- sigmoid sinus --- left and
right vertebral arteries --- basilar artery --- left and right posterior
communicating arteries --- left and right anterior cerebral arteries ---
anterior communicating artery (last two can be seen on the brain itself).
Incomplete circle of Willis and
sinuses seen on the
fat head model.
Sinuses visible on the
half head model.
||d. Circle of Willis model
Please be very careful with this
model! Do not touch the vessels or nerves with finger or pointer!
Find vertebral arteries --- basilar artery --- left and right
internal carotid arteries --- external carotid artery --- common carotid artery
--- left and right anterior cerebral arteries --- anterior communicating artery
--- left and right posterior communicating arteries. (The green structures
"Carotid" vessels and vertebral vessels on
circle of Willis model.
& Basilic Veins; Thoracic
Arteries (Paired); Abdominal
Find internal and external jugular veins --- cephalic vein ---
basilic vein --- subclavian veins --- brachiocephalic veins --- superior vena
cava --- pulmonary veins and arteries --- pulmonary trunk --- aorta --- inferior
vena cava --- thoracic aorta --- abdominal aorta --- celiac trunk
(just know that common
hepatic artery, left gastric artery
and splenic artery comes off) --- renal arteries and
veins --- suprarenal arteries and veins --- superior mesenteric artery ---
inferior mesenteric artery --- gonadal arteries and veins --- common iliac
arteries and veins --- internal iliac arteries and veins --- external iliac
arteries and veins --- thoracic lymphatic duct (grey) --- hemiazygos vein.
||f. Plaque of whole person
Some of these blood vessels, particularly around the neck arent
represented correctly. For example, this model attaches the external jugular
vein to the internal jugular vein. However, find the major arteries and veins.
In addition to the arteries and veins already mentioned on
other models find these
lower limb vessels: femoral artery --- popliteal artery
--- posterior tibial artery --- anterior tibial artery --- great saphenous vein
--- small saphenous vein.
Fetal circulation chart
Maternal circulation and
Find umbilical vein --- round ligament (ligamentum teres) --- left
and right umbilical arteries --- medial umbilical ligaments --- ductus
arteriosus --- ligamentum arteriosum --- foramen ovale --- fossa ovalis ---
ductus venosus --- ligamentum venosum --- placenta --- umbilical cord.